THE PARTS OF THE GUITAR
Guitars come in two basic flavors: acoustic and electric. From a hardware standpoint, electric guitars have more components and doohickeys than do acoustic guitars. But both types follow the same basic approach to such principles as neck construction and string tension. That’s why both acoustic and electric guitars have very similar constructions.
These are the main parts of the acoustic guitar
Back: The part of the body that holds the sides in place; made of two or three pieces of wood.
Body: The box that provides an anchor for the neck and bridge and creates the playing surface for the right hand..
Bridge: The wooden plate that anchors the strings to the body.
Fretboard: is the part of your guitar that holds the frets in place. Most of the time, the fretboard is another piece of wood glued on to the neck.
Frets: are the metal strips that run vertically on your fretboard. Frets are usually made of nickel or stainless steel
Electric guitars also have these components:
Bar: a metal rod attached to the bridge that varies the string tension by tilting the bridge back and forth. Also called the tremolo bar, whammy bar, vibrato bar, and wang bar.
Output jack: the insertion point for the cord that connects the guitar to an amplifier or other electronic device.
Selector switch: a switch that determines which pickupsare currently active.
Pickups: barlike magnets that create the electrical current, which the amplifier converts into musical sound.
Strap pin: metal post where the front, or top, end of the strap connects.
Volume and tone controls: knobs that vary the loudness of the guitar’s sound and its bass and treble frequencies.
Headstock: The section that holds the tuning machines.
Neck: is the entire part of the guitar from the headstock up to the body of the guitar. The neck is where your fretboard is located.
Nut: is the part of the guitar that guides and holds the strings in place right before they get to the headstock
Sides: separate curved wooden pieces on the body that join the top to the back.
Top: The face of the guitar. On an acoustic, this piece is also the sounding board, which produces almost all the guitar’s acoustic qualities.
Tuning machines: geared mechanisms that raise and lower the tension of the strings, drawing them to different pitches.
TIP OF THE WEEK
In 1956, in the industrial city of Liverpool, a student at an art college formed his first group. Like a lot of groups at that time, it was a skiffle band. It was called The Quarrymen, and the name of the art student was John Lennon. Later in the year, another boy joined the group: his name was Paul McCartney. And in 1958, George Harrison joined as well. The myth of the Beatles had begun. The three young men appeared in front of the British public for the first time in 1959, on a TV show. At that point, they were called Johnny and the Moondogs. One year later, two new members joined the group: Stuart Sutcliffe, a guitarist, and Pete Best, a drummer. The group changed its name again. This time it was called the Silver Beatles. They started playing in the 'Cavern Club' in Liverpool and, in 1960, went to Germany for a period. There they played in clubs like the 'Indra Club' and 'Top Ten', in Hamburg's red light district. They also backed Tony Sheridan in Europe (this time they were called the Beat Brothers).
1962 was the turning-point for the group. Stuart Sutcliffe, the leader of the group, died and Pete Best was replaced with' a young man called Richard Starkey, better known as Ringo Starr. New musical tendencies, like rock'n'roll and rhythm'n'blues, had influenced the group, and the songwriting team of Lennon and McCartney began to produce some interesting numbers. One of them, 'Love Me Do', became the group's first single. It was fairly successful . Encouraged, the group issued three new singles, 'Please Please Me', 'From Me To You' and 'She Loves You'. All three went straight to the top of the Hit Parade. All of a sudden, the Beatles had become the biggest, most successful group in pop music history.
The next two years saw a string of successes, for example 'I Want To Hold Your Hand', 'A Hard Day's Night', 'Can't Buy Me Love' and 'Michelle'. They made two films, as well: 'A Hard Day's Night' and 'Help!'. Young people everywhere copied them: their music, their hairstyles, their clothes.
In 1965 the Oueen gave them each an M.B.E. . But their music began to change. With the album 'Rubber Soul', it became more experimental and this was confirmed with their next LP, 'Revolver' . In 1966 they stopped touring and concentrated on work in the recording studio. The results were extraordinary. 1967 saw the production of songs like 'Penny Lane', 'Strawberry Fields Forever', 'Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds', and the famous LP, 'Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band'.
But things began to go wrong. John Lennon met Yoko Ono, and Paul McCartney met Linda Eastman, who was the exact opposite of Yoko Ono. The group continued to work, and produced two more albums which included songs like 'Let It Be', 'Hey Jude' and 'Yellow Submarine'. But differences of opinion, economic problems and different artistic temperaments led inevitably to the breakup. On 10th of April, 1970, a month before their last album came out, Paul. McCartney called a press conference: the Beatles no longer existed.