THE PARTS OF THE GUITAR
Guitars come in two basic flavors: acoustic and electric. From a hardware standpoint, electric guitars have more components and doohickeys than do acoustic guitars. But both types follow the same basic approach to such principles as neck construction and string tension. That’s why both acoustic and electric guitars have very similar constructions.
These are the main parts of the acoustic guitar
Back: The part of the body that holds the sides in place; made of two or three pieces of wood.
Body: The box that provides an anchor for the neck and bridge and creates the playing surface for the right hand..
Bridge: The wooden plate that anchors the strings to the body.
Fretboard: is the part of your guitar that holds the frets in place. Most of the time, the fretboard is another piece of wood glued on to the neck.
Frets: are the metal strips that run vertically on your fretboard. Frets are usually made of nickel or stainless steel
Electric guitars also have these components:
Bar: a metal rod attached to the bridge that varies the string tension by tilting the bridge back and forth. Also called the tremolo bar, whammy bar, vibrato bar, and wang bar.
Output jack: the insertion point for the cord that connects the guitar to an amplifier or other electronic device.
Selector switch: a switch that determines which pickupsare currently active.
Pickups: barlike magnets that create the electrical current, which the amplifier converts into musical sound.
Strap pin: metal post where the front, or top, end of the strap connects.
Volume and tone controls: knobs that vary the loudness of the guitar’s sound and its bass and treble frequencies.
Headstock: The section that holds the tuning machines.
Neck: is the entire part of the guitar from the headstock up to the body of the guitar. The neck is where your fretboard is located.
Nut: is the part of the guitar that guides and holds the strings in place right before they get to the headstock
Sides: separate curved wooden pieces on the body that join the top to the back.
Top: The face of the guitar. On an acoustic, this piece is also the sounding board, which produces almost all the guitar’s acoustic qualities.
Tuning machines: geared mechanisms that raise and lower the tension of the strings, drawing them to different pitches.
TIP OF THE WEEK
1) Your fingers learn by doing. Whatever they do, they remember and repeat. This is called Muscle Memory.
2) Practicing means knowing the right thing to do, and then making sure you do it. Your job, when you practice, is to make sure you understand what you're supposed to do before you play a note, and then make sure that is what actually happens when you do play a note. This is much easier said than done. This demands your absolute attention.
3) Your fingers are energized by Intention and Attention. This is how your mind tells them what to do.
4) We must be aware of the result we want, and the result we actually get. We must not let blind spots become part of our practicing. We must then treat every 'unwanted result" as an effect whose cause must be discovered.
5) We must watch our fingers most of the time while practicing.
6) It is essential to spend a good amount of time doing No Tempo Practice. This means you are playing with no beat, only examining each movement as it takes place, and making sure only the correct movements occur. While doing this, you will become aware of the stress points that occur in the music, that is, the movements that are causing you the most unnecessary muscle tension, and therefore the most difficulty.
7) Posing, along with No Tempo Practice, will train, or re-train the muscles to perform the required movements with no harmful tension. As stress points are discovered by observing and analyzing unwanted results, we use Posing and No Tempo practice to 'de-stress" these points.
8) As your understanding of guitar technique advances, you will know what to do about each one of these stress points. In the beginning, you must rely on the guidance of your teacher.
9) The techniques of Posing and No Tempo Practice are the best ways to deal with extra tension, because they are themselves the practice of becoming aware of the tension. You can eliminate a great deal, of tension from the muscles simply by being aware of how they feel, and consciously relaxing them as you do your slow and no tempo practice.