HOW TO READ THE TABLATURE
Contrary to what we usually think, tablature is not a transcription we have recently started to use. It's origin goes all the way back to the sixteenth century. It is useful because it allows you to play the guitar without knowing how to read music and shows us immediately what frets and strings to use.
If you have never read tablature, you need to take a few minutes to understand how it works and know how to recognize the symbols that appear on the lines, which are the strings of the guitar.
Each line of the tablature is a guitar string, as shown in the figures below. The first string in tablature is the high E string and the sixth string is the low E String. So the tablature basically shows the neck of the guitar and the strings.
Now, the symbols that appear at the beginning, for instance, could be the symbol 4/4 which is the time of the song. The number placed on a line of tablature indicates you have to press that fret on that string.
In the next example you have to press the third fret on the first string.
In the next however, we must press the first fret on the third string.
Zero indicates to play a string open, in this case, the sixth low E string has no fret to be pressed so the string is played open.
The fingering of the left hand:
The fingering of the left hand is represented by circled numbers that are always at the bottom of the tablature. The index finger is indicated by the circled number 1, the middle by 2, the ring by 3 and the little finger by 4.
The example below shows fingering for the first 4 frets. Press the first string down by using the fingers as stated in the diagram and photograph.
The fingering of the right hand:
In this book we will only use three fingers of right hand to perform all the exercises and songs. This is the easiest way for a beginner to learn the technique of alternating bass.
To pluck the strings I use the thumb (p), the index (i) and the middle (m). The fingers used are indicated above the tablature.
TIP OF THE WEEK
In 1956, in the industrial city of Liverpool, a student at an art college formed his first group. Like a lot of groups at that time, it was a skiffle band. It was called The Quarrymen, and the name of the art student was John Lennon. Later in the year, another boy joined the group: his name was Paul McCartney. And in 1958, George Harrison joined as well. The myth of the Beatles had begun. The three young men appeared in front of the British public for the first time in 1959, on a TV show. At that point, they were called Johnny and the Moondogs. One year later, two new members joined the group: Stuart Sutcliffe, a guitarist, and Pete Best, a drummer. The group changed its name again. This time it was called the Silver Beatles. They started playing in the 'Cavern Club' in Liverpool and, in 1960, went to Germany for a period. There they played in clubs like the 'Indra Club' and 'Top Ten', in Hamburg's red light district. They also backed Tony Sheridan in Europe (this time they were called the Beat Brothers).
1962 was the turning-point for the group. Stuart Sutcliffe, the leader of the group, died and Pete Best was replaced with' a young man called Richard Starkey, better known as Ringo Starr. New musical tendencies, like rock'n'roll and rhythm'n'blues, had influenced the group, and the songwriting team of Lennon and McCartney began to produce some interesting numbers. One of them, 'Love Me Do', became the group's first single. It was fairly successful . Encouraged, the group issued three new singles, 'Please Please Me', 'From Me To You' and 'She Loves You'. All three went straight to the top of the Hit Parade. All of a sudden, the Beatles had become the biggest, most successful group in pop music history.
The next two years saw a string of successes, for example 'I Want To Hold Your Hand', 'A Hard Day's Night', 'Can't Buy Me Love' and 'Michelle'. They made two films, as well: 'A Hard Day's Night' and 'Help!'. Young people everywhere copied them: their music, their hairstyles, their clothes.
In 1965 the Oueen gave them each an M.B.E. . But their music began to change. With the album 'Rubber Soul', it became more experimental and this was confirmed with their next LP, 'Revolver' . In 1966 they stopped touring and concentrated on work in the recording studio. The results were extraordinary. 1967 saw the production of songs like 'Penny Lane', 'Strawberry Fields Forever', 'Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds', and the famous LP, 'Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band'.
But things began to go wrong. John Lennon met Yoko Ono, and Paul McCartney met Linda Eastman, who was the exact opposite of Yoko Ono. The group continued to work, and produced two more albums which included songs like 'Let It Be', 'Hey Jude' and 'Yellow Submarine'. But differences of opinion, economic problems and different artistic temperaments led inevitably to the breakup. On 10th of April, 1970, a month before their last album came out, Paul. McCartney called a press conference: the Beatles no longer existed.